Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress. It helps one to cope with tense situation such as dealing with a tough boss in office or while giving speech in crowded place or while studying hard during exams. In general it helps one to deal with such hard situations in life. But when this anxiety becomes excessive and irrational dread of everyday situation, it leads to disabling disorder known as “Anxiety disorder”.
It is alarming to know that anxiety disorders affect about 40 million adults in U.S population who are 18 years and older (about 18%). It is seen that women are 60% more likely than men to experience an anxiety disorder over their lifetime. There are different types of it based on different symptoms, but all the symptoms congregate around excessive and irrational fear. The five commonly observed anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive- compulsion disorder (OCD), panic disorder, post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and social phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder).
Is it everyday anxiety or anxiety disorder?
It is important to know that there is a difference between normal everyday anxiety and anxiety disorder. Everyday anxiety is brief and a case or nerves or sweating that happens before an examination or due to non-payment of fees or some realistic fear of a danger. On the contrary anxiety disorder lasts at least 6 months, are constant and unsubstantiated worry that can cause lot of distress in daily life. It is basically an irrational fear or avoidance of an object, place or situation that poses little or no threat of danger.
What causes it?
Anxiety may be caused by a mental condition, a physical condition or a combination of these two. Scientists also believe that combinations of factors are involved in inducing anxiety in any individual such as genes, pollution, stress and diet.
What are its symptoms?
Most common symptoms of anxiety disorder include
- Overwhelming feelings of panic and fear
- Uncontrollable obsessive thoughts
- Painful and intrusive memories
- Physical symptoms may include heart pounding, muscle tension and feeling sick
How is it diagnosed?
If you think you are suffering from any kind of anxiety disorder, the first priority is to see your doctor. Your doctor will conduct a careful diagnosis evaluation to determine whether the symptoms are caused by anxiety disorder or due to some other physical problems. If a person is diagnosed with anxiety disorder, it is vital to understand the type of disorder and any co-existing conditions like alcoholism or depression.
In general, anxiety disorders are treated with medication, specific types of psychotherapy or both.
Medication must be prescribed by physicians, usually psychiatrists and the principal medications used mainly to control physical symptoms of anxiety are anti-depressants, anti-anxiety drugs, or beta-blockers
Psychotherapy is all about taking professional help to discover the triggers of anxiety and ways to deal with them. One of the most important therapies which work best in treatment of anxiety disorder is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This therapy helps in changing the thinking and behavioral patterns of patients to overcome fear and anxiety.
Are there any alternative methods of management?
Self-care – Many people with anxiety disorder gets benefited by joining a support group where they can share their problems and tensions with their trusted friends or members. But this shouldn’t be taken as a substitute for professional mental care and treatment.
Yoga – Stress management, meditation and yoga can also help people to overcome anxiety disorders symptoms. As yoga is a mind-body practice that combines stretching exercises, controlled breathing and relaxation, it helps to reduce stress, lower blood pressure and improve heart function. Yoga is considered as one of the best ways to bringing together physical and mental discipline in order to achieve peacefulness of body and mind that helps to manage stress and anxiety.
Why Texas Medical Concierge?
Texas Medical Concierge has introduced evidence-based holistic therapies such as yoga, meditation classes, and homeopathy to help our patients to overcome these symptoms of anxiety. We believe that people will remain healthy and happy when they live in close healing harmony with “Mother Nature”.